Policy Briefs

A 3-page summary of EEPSEA research reports.

Soil erosion is a major problem in almost all countries in Southeast Asia, particularly in upland areas. Farmers here often cultivate marginal land that is easily washed away if heavy rains occur or if soil conservation measures are not practised. One of the challenges facing these farmers is how best…
Wetlands provide rich environments for wildlife as well as agriculture. This frequently results in a conflict between wetland conservation and agricultural development. This, in turn, means that research into the interplay between development decision making, agricultural productivity and ecological sustainability in wetlands is crucial. This study from Vietnam has looked…
Coal mining is an engine of economic growth in many developing countries, but it is also responsible for a great deal of environmental pollution and social disruption. This study has looked at the impact of coal mining on the economy and environment of the province of South Kalimantan - one…
The study assesses the recreational value of the Hon Mun islands in Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam. It compares the economic benefits that tourism on the islands provides with those expected from the proposed expansion of a nearby port. It finds that the potential benefits from port expansion are outweighed by…
Many environmental policies and programmes help save people's lives. However, it can be difficult to assign this key benefit a value.' Because of this, mortality reduction is often not taken into account when potential projects are assessed. This omission can result in projects being undervalued and cancelled. To try and…
It is widely acknowledged that the three dimensions of sustainable development economic, social, and environmental-are crucial, inseparable and inter- related. In many cases, however, their goals come into conflict with one another. This conflict often arises in the case of environment-related policies, the issue of climate change mitigation being no…
Tropical forest protection is an area fraught with difficulty. Many approaches backfire because they go against the needs of local people who, rather than get actively involved in forest conservation, exploit the resource because they have no vested interest in doing otherwise. To investigate this problem, and to decide what…
The disposal of pig farm waste is becoming a major environmental challenge across Southeast Asia. To help find the best solution to this problem, this study has looked at the situation in Thailand where the government is promoting the use of biogas conversion plants as a way forward. The study…
One potential method for reducing tropical forest destruction is the creation of environmentally-sustainable plantations that can supply wood and paper pulp products and so reduce demand for timber from virgin forests. Whether plantations meet this objective depends in part on how well they perform in planting trees and bringing them…
Supplying clean water to households is  perhaps the most pressing challenge facing governments across Southeast  Asia. This study from Vietnam has looked at the water supply options available in the country's Mekong Delta. It finds that ground water extraction represents the best alternative both in terms of its popularity and…
Wetlands are among the most important habitats for wildlife in the world. However, across Southeast Asia many wetland areas are under threat from water extraction and a range of other development pressures. This study finds that conserving wetlands can provide significant economic benefits. Download
Thailand, like many developing nations, is facing a wide range of environmental challenges, many of which are caused by industrial pollution. The country has found that traditional command and control legislation is not effectively tackling this problem. It is therefore promoting various voluntary environmental programmes as a way for businesses…
Forest fires are a major cause of environmental destruction across Southeast Asia, resulting in loss of ecosystems and productive resources and creating smoke pollution. The fires that engulfed much of Sumatra and Kalimantan in 1997 had serious effects on neighbouring countries and attracted world-wide attention. Fires whose impact are mostly…
Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia