This study empirically examined the effect of the Chinese government’s priority grassland program (i.e., household grazing control and grassland protection subsidy policy) on grassland intensity, livestock number, and household income in Inner Mongolia, China. Based on household survey data obtained from 262 households across four prefectures in Inner Mongolia, it was observed that a 1% increase in subsidy reduces grazing intensity by 0.168%– 0.532% (depending on the prefecture) and increases herders’ income by 0.144%–0.670%. By way of comparison, each additional year of education increases herders’ income by 8.7% and reduces grazing intensity by 3.6%. Thus, education is not to be overlooked as a policy tool for achieving conservation goals.
Economic Analysis of Grassland Management Policy in Inner Mongolia, China
by Gao Liping