This book presents how the strategic and conscious integration of gender into environmental economics research can enrich the analysis, thereby enabling researchers to give a more accurate assessment of the socioeconomic dynamics in environmental and natural resource management (ENRM). Specifically, the engendered framework presented will show how researchers can move beyond merely counting what men and women do, toward determining who has control over and access to resources. It will show how gender relations with respect to ENRM can be understood, as well as the factors that affect such relationships. Moreover, the analysis will show why engendering ENRE research matters—it will present how the results and analysis of studies with a gender dimension differ from those without. This book will also show how the engendering process can be viable and successful if it is consciously and strategically undertaken in the research design. Lastly, this book offers recommendations on how to streamline the research procedure in order to address concerns on resource constraints such that the engendering process will not be burdensome.