Managing Agricultural Pollution

Conclusion

While agricultural development has indeed brought about progress in terms of increased production, it has also unintentionally created some adverse consequences on the ecological environment and human health. Interventions both at the policy and technological levels have led to agricultural pollution, which now affects land and water resources. If left unabated, agricultural pollution will steadily weaken agricultural production itself. The irony is that while many agricultural problems have been solved, another set of problems that need another set of solutions have emerged.

The EEPSEA studies reviewed highlight workable solutions in terms of economic costs and benefits, policy recommendations, and practical actions. When applied, these would eventually reduce, if not totally end, the menace of agricultural pollution in Southeast Asia. It is believed that much of the farmers’ behavior towards soil erosion, agrochemicals, soil salinity and agricultural wastes are the result of their lack of knowledge on how much they can lose in the long run if they do not adopt the recommended control measures. Hence, evidenced-based solutions have been presented in this series. These are what these studies can best offer in contributing to the growth of the agricultural sector in the Region.

EEPSEA Studies Cited in this Monograph

  1. Nguyen Van Hanh and Nguyen Van Song, 2007. Clean Development Mechanism Project Design Documents (CDMPDD) for Pilot Grid-Connected Rice Husk-Fuelled Biopower Development Projects in Mekong Delta, Vietnam. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  2. Funing Zhong, Manxiu Ning, and Li Xing, 2006. Crop Insurance and Agrochemical Use in the Manasi Watershed, Xinjiang, China. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  3. Dang Minh Phuong, 2002. The Impacts of Pesticide Use in Rice Production on Aquaculture in the Mekong Delta: A Dynamic Model. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  4. Bui Dung The, 2001. The Economics of Soil Erosion and the Choice of Land Use Systems by Upland Farmers in Central Vietnam. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  5. Tran Dinh Thao, 2001. On-Site Costs and Benefits of Soil Conservation in the Mountainous Regions of Northern Vietnam. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  6. Jikun Huang, Fangbin Qiao, Linxiu Zhang, and Scott Rozelle, 2001. Farm Pesticides, Rice Production and Human Health in China. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  7. Nguyen Huu Dung and Tran Thi Thanh Dung, 1999. Economic and Health Consequences of Pesticide Use in Paddy Production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  8. Nguyen Huu Dung, Tran Chi Thien, Nguyen Van Hong, Nguyen Thi Loc, Dang Van Minh, Trinh Dinh Thau, Huynh Thi Le Nguyen, Nguyen Tan Phong, and Thai Thanh Son, 1999. Impact of Agro- Chemical Use on Productivity and Health in Vietnam. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.
  9. Selliah Thiruchelvam and S. Pathmarajah, 1999. An Economic Analysis of Salinity Problems in the Mahaweli River System Irrigation Scheme in Sri Lanka. EEPSEA Research. Singapore, IDRC.

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Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia